African countries have called upon the global community to act with urgency in reducing emissions and to fulfill obligations made in the past in keeping with the promises made.

The African heads under their umbrella body- the African Union, want the global community to honor the commitment to provide $100 billion in annual climate finance, as promised 14 years ago at the Copenhagen conference to arrest the effects of climate change.

African heads of state and Government during the unveiling the 'African Leaders Nairobi Declaration on Climate Change and Call to Action. Photo: (AU).
African heads of state and Government during the unveiling of the ‘African Leaders Nairobi Declaration on Climate Change and Call to Action. Photo: (AU).

The African Climate Summit (ACS), which concluded on Wednesday, wants the developed nations to be at the forefront of supporting the continent in addressing the climate change challenges.

The African leaders want the global community to accelerate all efforts to reduce emissions to align with goals set forth in the Paris Agreement.

The declaration made by leaders at the end of the summit in Nairobi also called on developed nations to uphold commitments to a fair and accelerated process of phasing down coal and abolishment of all fossil fuel subsidies to combat the effects of climate change.

“We call for climate-positive investments that catalyse a growth trajectory, anchored in the industries poised to transform our planet and enable African countries to achieve stable middle-income status by 2050,” reads the declaration.

The leaders have also called for the operationalisation of the Loss & Damage fund as agreed at COP27 and resolve for a measurable Global Goal on Adaptation (GGA) with indicators and targets to access progress against negative impact of climate change.

On their part, the leaders have committed to develop and implement policies, regulations and incentives aimed at attracting local, regional, and global investment in green growth and inclusive economies.

The continent has also committed to focus on development plans for climate-positive growth, including expansion of just energy transitions and renewable energy generation for industrial activity, climate-aware and restorative agricultural practices, and essential protection and enhancement of nature and biodiversity.

The leaders have also made an undertaking to strengthen actions to halt and reverse biodiversity loss, deforestation, desertification, as well as to restore degraded lands to achieve land degradation neutrality.

“We call for collective global action to mobilise the necessary capital for both development and climate action, echoing the statement of the Paris Summit for a New Global Financing Pact that no country should ever have to choose between development aspirations and climate action,” said the leaders.